Cuevas del Almanzora is one of the oldest towns in the province of Almeria, lying in fertile valley of the Almanzora River. In the early 19th century silver was discovered in the Sierra Almagrera Mountains. The news spread like wild fire and the town became home to many a fortune hunter. Cuevas del Almanzora got its name from the many artificial caves in the nearby hills once inhabited by the miners. This was the start of an age of splendour for the town. The impressive legacy of this silver rush can be seen all around from the elegant family houses of the mining barons to the grand avenues, churches and statues. Many of the grand old houses remain and it is well worth walking around the old town of Cuevas to gaze at the impressive bourgeois architecture, many are still inhabited. A number of these can be found in the Plaza de la Constitución and around the town Hall. The area around Cuevas del Almanzora is abundant in prehistoric settlements and there are many archaeological sites.